Cuba: Religious Affiliation, by population share
ReligionShare of population,
in %
  • Region: Cuba
  • Time period: 2023
  • Published: Feb 2024

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Mar 28, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Dominance of Christianity in Cuba's Religious Landscape

Christians represent the majority in Cuba, holding a substantial 60.65% of the population's share. This indicates that Christianity is the dominant religious affiliation, significantly shaping the cultural and social fabric of the country.

Significant Presence of Non-religious Populations

The combined percentage of Agnostics and Atheists in Cuba accounts for 21.61% of the population, underscoring a notable presence of secular or non-religious beliefs among Cubans. This reflects a diverse belief system and a considerable section of the population that does not adhere to traditional religious affiliations.

Spiritism's Comparable Influence to Agnosticism

Remarkably, Spiritists nearly match the Agnostics in Cuba, with a population share of 17.18%, just slightly below the agnostics' 17.26%. This highlights the significant cultural influence of Spiritism, which is almost equivalent to that of Agnosticism, in the Cuban religious landscape.

Minor Religious Groups Form a Small Fraction

Minor religious affiliations such as Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, Neoreligionists, Baha'i, and Jews collectively make up less than 0.5% of Cuba's population. This indicates that these groups, while present, have a minimal impact on the overall religious composition of the country.

Minimal Diversity Among Least Represented Religions

Neoreligionists, Baha'i, and Jews each account for a mere 0.01% of the population, demonstrating an extremely low diversity and representation within these religious categories. This minimal presence underscores the dominance of major religious groups and the lack of substantial diversity in certain religious affiliations.

Comparative Analysis of Belief and Non-belief

The data reveals a significant contrast between those with religious beliefs and those without (Agnostics and Atheists), with a combined share of 38.87% for the latter. This underscores a diverse spectrum of faith and belief systems in Cuba, indicating a society where traditional religious affiliation and secular beliefs coexist.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the dominant religion in Cuba?

Christianity is the dominant religion in Cuba, representing 60.65% of the population.

What is the percentage of agnostics and atheists in Cuba?

The combined percentage of Agnostics and Atheists in Cuba accounts for 21.61% of the population.

Terms and Definitions

Religious affiliation refers to a self-identified association of an individual with a particular religion. It includes the religious beliefs and practices that a person follows. It does not necessarily reflect the extent of a person's religious beliefs or practices, but merely indicates an association with a religion.

Catholicism is a denomination of Christianity. Followers, known as Catholics, believe in the teachings of Jesus Christ as presented by the Church. It is one of the oldest and largest branches of Christianity and has played a significant role in global history.

Santería is an Afro-Caribbean religion that originated in Cuba and combines elements of Roman Catholicism and West African Yoruba Religion. Followers, known as Santeros, practice rituals that include ancestors and nature spirits veneration.

Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the 16th-century Reformation, a movement against perceived excesses in the Roman Catholic Church. It encompasses several denominations or groups such as Baptists, Methodists, Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Pentecostals and others.

Jehovah's Witnesses is a Christian denomination, distinct from mainstream Christianity, known for its distinctive nontrinitarian beliefs. Jehovah's Witnesses emphasise use of the Bible, door-to-door ministry, and the importance of living a moral life to reflect faith in God.

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophical tradition based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Buddha). It encompasses a variety of beliefs, spiritual practices, and traditions largely based on the Buddha's teachings, focusing on personal spiritual development and the attainment of enlightenment.

Atheism is the absence of belief in the existence of deities. Atheists do not practice any form of religious rituals and instead hold that there are no deities or divine intervention in human affairs.
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