Haiti: Share of Population with Access to Electricity, by year
YearShare of population,
in %
  • Region: Haiti
  • Time period: 2000 to 2021
  • Published: Dec 2023

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Apr 8, 2024 | Published by: Statistico | About Us / Data / Analysis

Growth in Access to Electricity

Between 2000 and 2021, the share of Haitians with access to electricity increased from 33.70% to 47.18%, marking a total increase of 13.48 percentage points over 21 years. This indicates a steady, albeit slow, improvement in the electrification rate across the nation.

Yearly Fluctuations

The data reveals fluctuations in the annual growth rates, with some years experiencing slight declines in electrification rates. Notably, 2001 saw a decrease to 31.54% from 33.70% in 2000, highlighting challenges in maintaining consistent progress.

Acceleration in Recent Years

A closer examination shows an acceleration in the latter part of the period, with an increase from 40.40% in 2016 to 47.18% by 2021. This 6.78 percentage point rise in the final five years suggests an enhanced focus on electrification efforts during this time.

Notable Annual Increases

The year 2017 stands out with a significant year-over-year increase, where the electrification rate grew to 43.29% from 40.40% in 2016. This 2.89 percentage point jump is one of the most substantial annual improvements observed in the dataset.

Comparing Decades

In the first decade (2000-2009), the increase in the electrification rate was 2.94 percentage points, from 33.70% in 2000 to 36.64% in 2009. In contrast, from 2010 to 2019, the increase was more pronounced at 8.24 percentage points, indicating a more aggressive push towards electrification in the latter decade.

Lowest and Highest Rates

The lowest electrification rate was recorded in 2001 at 31.54%, while the highest rate was observed in 2021 at 47.18%. These points underline the overall progress despite the early setbacks.

Yearly Growth Consistency

Every year from 2000 to 2021, with the exception of a few, showed an increase in the electrification rate. This consistent upward trend, despite minor fluctuations, showcases a commitment to improving access to electricity nationwide.

Impact of the 2010 Earthquake

Despite the devastating earthquake in 2010, Haiti managed to continue its progress in electrification, with an increase from 36.64% in 2009 to 37.20% in 2010. This resilience underscores the nation's efforts to enhance infrastructure even in the face of significant challenges.

Frequently Asked Questions

What was the overall increase in electrification in Haiti from 2000 to 2021?

The share of Haitians with access to electricity increased by 13.48 percentage points from 2000 to 2021.

How did the electrification rate increase in the first and second decade of the 2000s?

In the first decade (2000-2009), the increase was 2.94 percentage points while in the second decade (2010-2019), the increase was 8.24 percentage points.

Terms and Definitions

Access to electricity refers to the percentage of a country's total population that has a reliable and legal connection to an energy source which powers various forms of electrical equipment. This notion can include both urban and rural populations and implies they can access household lightings, televisions, radios, charging points, and other necessary electronic appliances.

The total population of a country is the number of inhabitants residing within its borders. This figure includes all individuals, irrespective of their age, race, gender, or economic status.

Urban population refers to people living in towns and cities with a certain level of amenities and infrastructure. These areas typically have a higher concentration of services, such as electricity, compared to rural areas.

Rural population refers to people living in areas located outside towns and cities. These areas usually have a low population density, with fewer services and infrastructure, including dependable access to electricity.

Electricity infrastructure encompasses the networks and systems in place to generate, transmit, and distribute electricity to consumers. This can include power generation facilities, transmission lines, transformers, and the domestic wiring necessary to provide electricity to homes, schools, businesses, and other structures.

Energy policy refers to the strategies and guidelines established by a government or other regulatory body for the production and use of energy, including electricity. This policy shapes how and to what extent electricity is supplied to the population.

Sustainable electricity access refers to long-term, reliable, and affordable access to electricity that is generated in a manner that does not harm the environment. This includes electricity produced from renewable resources like solar, wind, and hydroelectric power.
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Electricity is a form of power used for running machines, appliances and devices. It can be transformed into AC or DC and safety precautions must be taken when using it, including disconnecting appliances and avoiding contact with water and damaged wires. Read more »