India: State and Union Territory Sizes, by area
State in IndiaArea,
in square kilometers
Madhya Pradesh308,252
Uttar Pradesh240,928
Jammu and Kashmir222,236
Andhra Pradesh162,968
Tamil Nadu130,060
West Bengal88,752
Arunachal Pradesh83,743
Himachal Pradesh55,673
Andaman and Nicobar Islands8,249
Dadra and Nagar Haveli491
Daman and Diu111
  • Region: India
  • Time period: 2021
  • Published: Jan 2022

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Mar 27, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Rajasthan tops in area

Rajasthan holds the distinction as the largest state in India with an area of 342,239 square kilometers, significantly ahead of the second-largest state, Madhya Pradesh, which covers 308,252 square kilometers.

Smallest territories: Daman and Diu, and Lakshadweep

Daman and Diu, and Lakshadweep are the smallest territories, with areas of just 111 and 30 square kilometers respectively, showcasing the vast diversity in the size of India's states and union territories.

Southern states and their expansive areas

Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu are notable for their large areas among southern states, with 191,791, 162,968, and 130,060 square kilometers respectively, indicating the significant geographic spread of India's southern region.

Northern region's varied sizes

Uttar Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir highlight the size diversity in India's northern region with areas of 240,928 and 222,236 square kilometers respectively, contrasting with smaller northern states like Punjab and Haryana.

Eastern states: West Bengal and Bihar

West Bengal and Bihar, despite their high population densities, have relatively modest areas of 88,752 and 94,163 square kilometers respectively, underscoring the challenges of managing resources and infrastructure in densely populated regions.

Mid-sized states: Odisha and Chhattisgarh

Odisha and Chhattisgarh, with areas of 155,707 and 135,192 square kilometers, stand out as mid-sized states that contribute significantly to India's geographical diversity and resource base.

Megacity Delhi's compact size

Delhi, India's capital territory, covers a surprisingly compact area of just 1,483 square kilometers, juxtaposing its small size against its immense political, economic, and cultural significance.

Northeastern states: Arunachal Pradesh and Assam

Arunachal Pradesh and Assam represent the northeastern region with areas of 83,743 and 78,438 square kilometers respectively, highlighting the substantial geographical expanse of India's northeastern states amidst their unique topographical and cultural contexts.

Coastal vs. landlocked diversity

States like Gujarat and Tamil Nadu, with areas of 196,244 and 130,060 square kilometers, contrast with landlocked states like Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, showcasing the diverse geographical settings from coastal lines to central highlands.

Union territories' size variance

Andaman and Nicobar Islands, with an area of 8,249 square kilometers, contrast sharply with smaller territories like Chandigarh and Puducherry, which have areas of 114 and 490 square kilometers, reflecting the wide range of sizes among India's union territories.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which is the largest state in India by area?

The largest state in India by area is Rajasthan, covering 342,239 square kilometers.

What are the areas of the smallest territories in India?

The smallest territories in India are Daman and Diu and Lakshadweep, with areas of 111 and 30 square kilometers respectively.

What is the area of Delhi, India's capital territory?

Delhi, India's capital territory, covers an area of 1,483 square kilometers.

Terms and Definitions

Land Area refers to the total surface area of a geographic region that is considered as dry land. It includes all areas that are not covered by water bodies such as rivers, lakes, or oceans. Buildings, roads, farms, forests, grasslands, mountains, and deserts are all part of a region's land area.

A Union Territory in India is a type of administrative division in the Indian federal system. Unlike states, Union Territories are directly governed by the President of India through an administrator appointed by him/her. While they have local governments, much of the governance and administration is controlled by the central government of India.

Ranking refers to the systemic positioning or order of items or people based on certain characteristics or criteria. In this case, Indian states and union territories are ranked according to their total land area. The ranking helps in direct comparison and provides useful statistical data for various analytical purposes.

The Indian Federal System is a political structure wherein power and functions are divided among a central authority and various constituent units. In India, these constituent units are the states and union territories. Both the central government and the state/union territory governments have their sphere of powers and functions, though the central government holds more power.

Surface Area is a measure of the total area that the surface of an object or geographical region occupies. It includes the entire area covered by the outermost boundaries of the region. In terms of land area, it refers to the sum total of all land within a given boundary, irrespective of the use or type of terrain.

An Administrative Division refers to a segment of a country or state that is set up for ease of governmental administration. It often has its own local government and administration. In India, the primary administrative divisions are states and union territories.

A Geographic Region is a distinct area that is defined by its particular geographic characteristics. It can include various landscapes such as mountains, plains, deserts, plateaus, rivers, and oceans. In this context, each state or union territory in India is considered a geographic region.

A Federated Political Entity is a constituent unit of a federation. These entities have their own local governing system but are also part of a larger national system. In India, States and Union Territories are considered such entities within the nation's federal system.
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