India

India

Geographic Properties

Total Area: 1.269 million mi² (World Rank: 7th)
Land Area: 1.148 million mi² (World Rank: 7th)
Continent: Asia

Demographics

Population: 1.43 billion people (2023 estimate, World Rank: 1st)
Population Density: 1226 people/mi² (2021 estimate, World Rank: 31st)
Population Growth: 0.676 %/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 133rd)
Life Expectancy: 69.9 years (2020 estimate, World Rank: 174th)
Median Age: 27.6 years (2021 estimate, World Rank: 143rd)

Cultural Properties

Languages: Hindi (27%), Bengali (7.7%), Marathi (6.6%), Telugu (6.5%), Tamil (5.5%),...
Ethnic Mix: Indo Aryan (72%), Dravidian (25%), other (3%), East Asian
Religions: Hinduism (74%), Islam (12%), Christianity (6.2%), ethnic religions (3.8%), Sikhism (2.2%)
Literacy Rate: 74.37% (2018 estimate)

Capital and Major Cities

Capital City: New Delhi, Delhi

Economic Properties

GDP: $3.176 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 5th)
GDP at Parity: $10.19 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 3rd)
Real GDP: $2.726 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 6th)
GDP per Capita: $2257/yr/person (2021 estimate, World Rank: 185th)
GDP Real Growth: 8.681%/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 32nd)
Gini Index: 0.357 (2019 estimate, World Rank: 69th)
Consumer Price Inflation: 5.13%/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 56th)

Employment

Total Employment: 448 million people (2021 estimate, World Rank: 2nd)

Media and Telecommunications

Telephone Lines: 23.77 million (2021 estimate, World Rank: 11th)
Mobile Cellular Subscriptions: 1.154 billion (2021 estimate, World Rank: 2nd)
Internet Usage: 600.4 million people (43% of population, 2020 estimate, World Rank: 2nd)
Fixed Broadband Internet Subscribers: 27.56 million people (2021 estimate, World Rank: 9th)

Education

Students: 275.7 million people (2011 estimate, World Rank: 1st)
Teachers: 11.28 million people (2021 estimate, World Rank: 2nd)

Health Care

Physicians per Capita: 0.57/1000 people
DTP Immunization: 62% (one-year-olds immunized with 3 doses)
Improved Drinking Water Sources: 89% (population with sustainable access)
Current Tobacco Use Among Adults: 18.6% (age >=15)

UN Human Development Index

India's HDI: 0.624 (World Rank: 131st, 2015 estimate)
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