Wheat: Production Volume, by year
Crop yearProduction,
in million metric tons
2023/2024784.91
2022/2023789.17
2021/2022780.05
2020/2021773.09
2019/2020759.39
2018/2019730.92
2017/2018761.54
2016/2017756.50
2015/2016735.90
2014/2015728.30
2013/2014717.00
2012/2013655.00
2011/2012697.00
2000/2001582.00
1990/1991592.00
  • Region: Worldwide
  • Time period: 1990/1991 to 2023/2024
  • Published: Jan 2024

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Mar 28, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Overview of Wheat Production Growth

Between 1990/1991 and 2023/2024, global wheat production witnessed a significant increase, from 592 million metric tons to 784.91 million metric tons. This growth highlights a robust trend in agricultural advancements and possibly rising global demand over the last three decades.

Recent Production Fluctuations

After peaking at 789.17 million metric tons in 2022/2023, wheat production slightly declined to 784.91 million metric tons in 2023/2024. This recent fluctuation may indicate challenges such as climatic impacts or market dynamics affecting wheat yields.

Long-Term Production Trends

Analyzing decade milestones, wheat production rose from 582 million metric tons in 2000/2001 to 728.30 million metric tons in 2014/2015, and further to 784.91 million metric tons by 2023/2024, underscoring a consistent upward trajectory in global wheat output.

Significant Growth Periods

The period between 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 marked a noticeable growth, with production jumping from 655 million metric tons to 717 million metric tons. This indicates a year-over-year growth rate of approximately 9.5%, one of the most significant short-term increases in the dataset.

Decade Comparisons

Comparing the growth in the first decade of the 2000s to the last decade in the dataset, wheat production increased by 146.3 million metric tons from 2000/2001 to 2010/2011, and by 87.91 million metric tons from 2014/2015 to 2023/2024. This comparison reveals a deceleration in the pace of growth in more recent years.

Impact of Agricultural Practices

The steady increase in wheat production over the decades could reflect improvements in agricultural practices, technology adoption, and possibly an expansion of arable land dedicated to wheat cultivation, vital for meeting global food security needs.

Projection for Future Trends

Given the slight decline in wheat production in 2023/2024 from the previous year, stakeholders in agriculture and food security may need to closely monitor upcoming trends and potential impacts on global food supply chains.

Insights on Wheat Production Stability

Despite annual fluctuations, the general stability and growth in wheat production underscore the resilience of the agricultural sector to external challenges, including environmental and economic factors.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the general trend of global wheat production?

Global wheat production significantly increased from 592 million metric tons in 1990/1991 to 784.91 million metric tons in 2023/2024.

Terms and Definitions

Global Wheat Production refers to the total amount of wheat grown all over the world in a certain period. It is calculated in terms of weight or volume and is often used as a measure for evaluating the global capacity to produce and supply wheat.

Wheat is a type of cereal grain grown on more land area than any other commercial food crop. It is most commonly ground into flour and used as a main ingredient in bread, pasta and porridge. There are a number of different types of wheat, including durum, hard, soft, white and red wheat, each with their own characteristics and uses.

Crop yield refers to the measure of the amount of crop that was harvested per unit of land area. It's a vital measure in agriculture as it's used to estimate and compare the productivity of certain crops in different areas or under different conditions.

Harvest refers to the process of gathering mature crops from the fields. This term can also refer to the period in which this process takes place. The success of a harvest can depend on a variety of different factors, from weather conditions to the health of the soil.

A cereal crop is any plant from the grass family that is cultivated for its edible components, particularly its grain. Cereal grains include wheat, rice, corn, oats, barley, rye, and millet. They are a global staple food, making up their larger part of human diet in terms of caloric intake.

Food security refers to the availability and access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life. Variability in global crop production, such as wheat, can significantly impact food security by disrupting availability or changing the cost of these essential goods.

Grain trade refers to the local and international trade of grains (like wheat) as commodities. Factors affecting grain trade include the production, distribution, demand and regulation of grains in regional and global markets.
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Agronomy is a branch of agricultural science that primarily focuses on crop production and soil management, working to balance the economic and social requirements of humans with the need for environmental protection. Read more »
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