U.S.: Number of Farms, by state
StateNumber of farms
TexasTexas246,000
MissouriMissouri95,000
IowaIowa84,900
OklahomaOklahoma77,200
OhioOhio76,500
KentuckyKentucky73,500
IllinoisIllinois70,700
TennesseeTennessee69,500
CaliforniaCalifornia68,400
MinnesotaMinnesota67,100
  • Region: United States
  • Time period: 2022
  • Published: Feb 2023

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Mar 28, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Texas leads in farm numbers

Texas boasts the highest number of farms among the states listed, with 246,000 farms, significantly outpacing Missouri, the state with the second-highest number of farms, which has 95,000 farms.

Top three states dominate farm numbers

Texas, Missouri, and Iowa together account for a substantial portion of farms, with a combined total of 426,900 farms, indicating these three states are major agricultural hubs.

Close competition in the middle tier

Ohio and Kentucky have nearly the same number of farms, with 76,500 farms in Ohio and 73,500 farms in Kentucky, illustrating a close race in the middle rankings of farm numbers.

California's position in agriculture

Despite its reputation as a major agricultural producer, California ranks ninth with 68,400 farms, showcasing that the number of farms does not always correlate with agricultural output volume or value.

Narrow margin among lower-ranked states

The difference in the number of farms between California and Minnesota, the eighth and tenth-ranked states, respectively, is minimal, with only 1,300 farms separating them, highlighting the competitive nature of farming across diverse U.S. states.

Midwest and South lead in farm quantities

States from the Midwest and South regions, such as Illinois, Tennessee, and Oklahoma, prominently feature in the list, emphasizing these regions' significant contributions to the U.S. farming landscape with 77,200 farms in Oklahoma and 69,500 farms in Tennessee.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which state has the highest number of farms in the US?

Texas has the highest number of farms in the US with 246,000 farms.

Which three states together account for a significant portion of farms in the US?

Texas, Missouri, and Iowa together account for a significant portion of US farms, with a combined total of 426,900 farms.

What is California's rank in terms of number of farms despite being a major agricultural producer?

Despite being a major agricultural producer, California ranks ninth in number of farms with only 68,400 farms.

Terms and Definitions

A farm is a vast area of land that is primarily devoted to agriculture processes with the primary objective of producing and managing crops, vegetables, fruits, dairy, livestock, and other different types of food production. The production can also be non-food items like wool, leather, and more.

Agriculture refers to the structured practice of growing plants and breeding animals for food, raw materials, medicinal plants, and other products used to sustain and enhance life. It includes farming, forestry, dairying, beekeeping, etc.

A Census of Agriculture is a complete count of U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them. It provides the only source of systematic and comprehensive agricultural data for every state.

In the context of farming, productivity refers to the measure of the efficiency of farm production. It may be calculated as the ratio of agricultural outputs to agricultural inputs. Increasing productivity means achieving more output from the same or fewer resources.

A ranch is a large farm or estate, designed for raising livestock or grazing. They are prevalent in the United States, where they are used primarily for cattle and sheep rearing.

Livestock refers to domestic animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce commodities such as food, fiber, and labor. These animals include cows, goats, sheep, pigs, chickens, turkeys, and horses.

Crop yield refers to the measure of the amount of a crop (output) that was harvested per unit of land area (input). It is a key concept in commercial farming.

Irrigation is the process of applying water to soil to help in crop cultivation. It is employed in dry areas and during periods of insufficient rainfall to boost crop production.

Subsistence agriculture is a farming method that is self-sufficient and focused on growing enough food to feed the farmer and his family. The main focus is producing enough food to meet the needs of their households, with little or no surplus for trade.
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