Work Force: Occupations with Lowest Share of Female Employees, by occupation
OccupationShare of employees,
in %
Ships’ Deck Crews and Related Workers0.50
Heavy Truck and Bus Drivers0.71
Machinery Mechanics and Repairers0.80
Mobile Plant Operators0.91
Sheet and Structural Metal Workers, Moulders and Welders, and Related Workers1.52
Car, Van and Motorcycle Drivers1.54
Building Finishers and Related Trades Workers1.55
Electronics and Telecommunications Installers and Repairers2.13
Building Frame and Related Trades Workers2.27
Electrical Equipment Installers and Repairers2.58
Locomotive Engine Drivers and Related Workers2.59
Blacksmiths, Toolmakers and Related Trades Workers3.75
Electrotechnology Engineers4.28
Wood Treaters, Cabinet-makers and Related Trades Workers4.49
Ship and Aircraft Controllers and Technicians4.85
Mining and Mineral Processing Plant Operators5.07
Painters, Building Structure Cleaners and Related Trades Workers5.15
Non-commissioned Armed Forces Officers5.22
Wood Processing and Papermaking Plant Operators5.69
Armed Forces Occupations, Other Ranks6.18
  • Region: Worldwide
  • Time period: 2023
  • Published: Nov 2023

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Apr 2, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Ships’ Deck Crews and Related Workers have the lowest female representation

Ships’ Deck Crews and Related Workers exhibit the lowest share of female employees worldwide, with a mere 0.50%. This starkly highlights the gender imbalance within this occupation, suggesting significant barriers or cultural norms that limit female participation.

Occupations predominantly male-dominated

The top five occupations with the lowest share of female employees—all under 1% —underscore a global workforce trend where physically demanding or traditionally male-dominated roles such as Heavy Truck and Bus Drivers (0.71%), Machinery Mechanics and Repairers (0.80%), and Mobile Plant Operators (0.91%) are less inclusive of women.

Gradual increase in female participation across occupations

A gradual increase in female employment is observed when moving from the lowest (0.50% for Ships’ Deck Crews) to higher shares, peaking at 6.18% for Armed Forces Occupations, Other Ranks. Although this is an increase, it still points to significant gender disparity across these roles.

Technical and engineering fields show limited female inclusion

Occupations related to technical and engineering fields such as Electrotechnology Engineers (4.28%) and Electronics and Telecommunications Installers and Repairers (2.13%) reveal a notable gender gap, indicating potential areas for increased gender diversity initiatives.

Slight improvement in female representation in skilled trades

Skilled trades, while still showing low female representation, exhibit a slight improvement in sectors like Wood Treaters, Cabinet-makers, and Related Trades Workers with 4.49%. Comparatively, this suggests some trades are slightly more accessible to women than highly physical or technical occupations.

Armed forces show higher female employment than other listed occupations

Armed Forces Occupations, both Other Ranks (6.18%) and Non-commissioned Officers (5.22%), have higher shares of female employees compared to other occupations in the list, indicating a relatively better but still limited gender inclusion in military roles.

Construction and related trades lag in gender diversity

The construction sector and related trades, including Building Finishers (1.55%) and Building Frame and Related Trades Workers (2.27%), are among the occupations with lower female representation, highlighting a sector-specific challenge in attracting or retaining female talent.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which occupation has the lowest female representation worldwide?

The occupation with the lowest female representation worldwide is Ships’ Deck Crews and Related Workers, with women making up just 0.50% of the workforce.

Which sectors show a notable gender gap and need increased diversity initiatives?

Sectors related to technical and engineering fields like Electrotechnology Engineers (4.28%) and Electronics and Telecommunications Installers and Repairers (2.13%) exhibit a significant gender gap, highlighting the need for increased diversity initiatives.

Terms and Definitions

An occupation refers to a person's primary vocation or job. It is the particular line of work that a person does for a living, such as accounting, teaching, engineering, or nursing. It can either be paid or unpaid work.

Female employees are the female workforce within an organization or industry. They are women who work for a business or organization and receive monetary remuneration or wages in return for their labor or services.

Workforce refers to the total group of people employed or seeking work in a company, sector, or economy. This term may include both male and female employees, full-time and part-time workers, permanent and temporary staff, and both salaried and wage-earning workers.

Occupational gender segregation refers to the extent to which men and women are unequally distributed across occupations. This can be vertical, where men dominate higher-rank occupations, or horizontal, where some occupations are male-dominated and others female-dominated.

Underrepresentation refers to the insufficient presence or participation of a particular group, relative to their number in the general population or other relevant benchmark. In this case, it pertains to the comparatively low percentage of female employees in specific occupations.
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