Australia: Number of Male Cancer Cases, by type of cancer
Type of cancerNumber of cases
Prostate cancer25,487
Melanoma of the skin10,639
Colorectal cancer8,133
Lung cancer7,696
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma3,839
Kidney cancer3,205
Bladder cancer2,357
Pancreatic cancer2,355
Liver cancer2,206
Stomach cancer1,647
  • Region: Australia
  • Time period: 2023
  • Published: Aug 2023

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Apr 6, 2024 | Published by: Statistico | About Us / Data / Analysis

Prostate cancer leads with highest cases

Prostate cancer tops the chart with 25,487 cases, making it the most diagnosed cancer among Australian males. This number significantly surpasses the second-highest, melanoma of the skin, which accounts for 10,639 cases.

Skin and colorectal cancers are also significant

Following prostate cancer, melanoma of the skin and colorectal cancer are prevalent with 10,639 and 8,133 cases respectively. Together, these three cancers represent a major health challenge, indicating a need for focused screening and prevention measures in these areas.

Top three cancers constitute over half of reported cases

Prostate, melanoma of the skin, and colorectal cancers combined account for 44,259 cases, which is more than half of the total cases reported across the ten leading cancer types. This dominance highlights the critical need for targeted cancer control strategies for these types.

Lung cancer, the fourth most common

Lung cancer follows closely behind with 7,696 cases, positioning it as the fourth most common cancer among Australian males. Despite being fourth, its high mortality rate compared to some other types on the list emphasizes the importance of early detection and smoking cessation programs.

Less common cancers show significant numbers too

Even the less common types, such as non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kidney cancer, and bladder cancer, present with considerable case numbers (3,839, 3,205, and 2,357 cases, respectively), indicating a wide range of cancer risks among males in Australia.

Pancreatic, liver, and stomach cancers exhibit similar case numbers

Pancreatic, liver, and stomach cancers show closely grouped case numbers, with 2,355, 2,206, and 1,647 cases respectively. Their proximity in numbers suggests that these cancers, though less frequent, pose a significant health burden that requires adequate research and healthcare resources.

Prostate cancer prevalence is nearly twice that of lung and colorectal cancers combined

The prevalence of prostate cancer (25,487 cases) is nearly twice the combined total of lung and colorectal cancers (15,829 cases), highlighting the disproportionate impact of prostate cancer on Australian males and underscoring the urgency for effective prostate cancer screening and treatment programs.

Distinct gap between top two and subsequent cancers

A distinct gap exists between the number of cases for melanoma of the skin (10,639 cases) and colorectal cancer (8,133 cases). This gap underlines the unique epidemiological patterns of cancer in Australia, pointing towards the need for specialized prevention strategies tailored to each cancer type.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which cancer has the highest cases among Australian males?

Prostate cancer leads with the highest incidence, reporting 25,487 cases.

What follows prostate cancer in terms of prevalence?

Melanoma of the skin and colorectal cancer follow, with 10,639 and 8,133 cases respectively.

What is the collective proportion of the top three cancers in total cases?

The top three cancers, prostate, melanoma of the skin, and colorectal, account for over half of total cases with 44,259 cases.

Terms and Definitions

A general term for a group of diseases characterized by the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells. This rapid proliferation can invade and damage healthy tissues and organs in the body.

A type of cancer that occurs in the prostate — a small gland that produces seminal fluid in men. It is one of the most common types of cancer in men.

A relatively rare type of cancer which occurs in the testicles, or testes, the male reproductive glands located in the scrotum. This type of cancer is most common among younger and middle-aged men.

This is a rare form of cancer that begins in the skin cells of the penis. It can also originate in the tissues that make up the penis.

A type of cancer that begins in the lungs, typically in the cells lining the air passages. It is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths in men and women.

Also known as colorectal cancer, this type of cancer affects the colon (large bowel) or rectum (back passage). It can start either as small benign clumps of cells called polyps that can over time become cancers.

This type of cancer occurs when skin cells are damaged, for example, by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. There are three main types: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.

This refers to the number of new cases of a specific disease diagnosed in a specified population over a certain period of time. It can help provide understanding of the scale and risks of a particular disease.
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