Brazil: Number of Homicides, by year
YearNumber of homicides
202340,464
202242,190
202142,969
202044,592
201942,044
201852,014
201759,523
201657,842
201555,492
201457,091
201354,163
201253,054
201148,084
201046,363
200944,518
200845,885
200744,625
  • Region: Brazil
  • Time period: 2007 to 2023
  • Published: Jan 2024

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Apr 15, 2024 | Published by: Statistico | About Us / Data / Analysis

Overall Trend in Homicides

The total number of homicides in Brazil showed a decreasing trend from 59,523 in 2017 to 40,464 in 2023, marking a significant reduction over the six-year period. This overall decline suggests effective measures or changes in societal conditions influencing crime rates.

Peak Homicide Year

The year 2017 stands out as having the highest number of homicides, with a total of 59,523, indicating a peak in violent crime that has not been surpassed in the subsequent years covered by the data.

Lowest Homicide Figures in Recent Years

In contrast, 2023 recorded the lowest number of homicides at 40,464 since the start of the provided data timeline, showcasing a noteworthy improvement in public safety or crime prevention efforts.

Sharp Decline Following the Peak Year

A sharp decline in homicides was observed immediately after the peak year, with a decrease from 59,523 homicides in 2017 to 52,014 in 2018. This rapid reduction suggests the implementation of effective anti-violence measures or significant policy changes.

Annual Fluctuations in Homicide Rates

Annual homicide numbers demonstrate fluctuations rather than a consistent year-over-year decrease, with some years experiencing increases, such as the rise from 42,044 in 2019 to 42,190 in 2022, indicating varying effectiveness of interventions or changes in societal factors.

Comparison with a Decade Ago

Comparing 2023 to 2013, there was a reduction in homicides from 54,163 to 40,464, showing progress in reducing violence over a decade, despite the ups and downs in annual figures.

Mid-decade Increase Before Recent Decline

Midway through the decade, an increase in homicides was noted, peaking in 2017, before the recent decline, pointing to complex underlying factors that influenced the mid-decade surge in violent crime.

Stability in Recent Years

The last four years have seen relatively stable homicide figures, with numbers ranging from 40,464 in 2023 to 44,592 in 2020, indicating a period of stabilization in violent crime rates following earlier fluctuations.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the overall trend in homicides in Brazil in recent years?

The total number of homicides in Brazil saw a decreasing trend from 59,523 in 2017 to 40,464 in 2023.

Which year had the highest number of homicides?

The highest number of homicides were recorded in the year 2017, with a total of 59,523.

Which year recorded the lowest number of homicides in the provided timeline?

The lowest number of homicides was recorded in the year 2023, with a total of 40,464.

Terms and Definitions

This refers to a criminal act that results in the unjustified killing of one individual by another. It encompasses various categories, including first-degree murder, second-degree murder, manslaughter, and others, depending on factors such as intent and premeditation.

A system of institutions and practices dedicated to maintaining social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts. In Brazil's context, it includes law enforcement agencies, the judiciary, and correctional institutions.

The number of criminal incidents per unit of population in a specific region or country over a specified period. A high crime rate is usually indicative of issues such as social inequality, unrest, and inadequate law enforcement.

A category of crimes that involve the use or threat of force against another individual, often resulting in physical harm or fatality. Homicide falls under this category.
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