Mexico: Migration Rate, by year
YearNet migration,
per 1000 inhabitants
2023-0.39
20220.40
2021-0.42
2020-0.08
2019-0.38
2018-0.80
2017-0.10
20160.27
2015-0.68
2014-0.84
2013-0.87
2012-0.42
20110.04
2010-0.37
2009-2.60
2008-2.93
2007-2.86
2006-2.92
2005-3.01
2004-2.60
2003-3.24
2002-3.21
2001-3.50
2000-3.63
1999-3.48
1998-3.19
1997-3.35
1996-3.50
1995-3.48
1994-3.13
1993-3.64
1992-3.51
1991-3.83
1990-3.50
1989-7.35
1988-7.24
1987-7.94
1986-8.38
1985-7.83
1984-7.42
1983-6.72
1982-6.90
1981-6.84
1980-3.85
  • Region: Mexico
  • Time period: 1980 to 2023
  • Published: Jul 2023

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Apr 13, 2024 | Published by: Statistico | About Us / Data / Analysis

Trend of Net Migration Rate Over Decades

Net migration rates in Mexico have shown a significant improvement from the 1980s to the 2020s. The 1980s recorded the highest negative net migration rates, peaking at -8.38 per 1000 inhabitants in 1986. By contrast, the 2020s have seen rates stabilizing around -0.39 to 0.40 per 1000 inhabitants, indicating a major shift towards more balanced migration dynamics.

Dramatic Decrease in Negative Net Migration

Mexico experienced its most negative net migration rates during 1986 to 1989, with values reaching as low as -8.38 per 1000 inhabitants. However, by the 2020s, these rates had substantially decreased, showcasing a dramatic improvement in migration patterns with values ranging from -0.42 to 0.40 per 1000 inhabitants.

Decade Comparison of Net Migration

The 1990s and the 2000s both exhibited high negative net migration rates, averaging around -3.5 and -3.0 per 1000 inhabitants, respectively. The 2020s, however, represent a period of lower volatility and substantially reduced negative migration, with rates close to zero and occasionally positive.

Analysis of Positive Net Migration Years

Over the examined period, positive net migration rates were rare. Notably, 2016 and 2022 stand out with positive rates of 0.27 and 0.40 per 1000 inhabitants, respectively. These years marked a departure from Mexico's long-standing trend of net outflow of inhabitants.

Recent Trends in Net Migration

The last five years (2019-2023) have shown relatively stable net migration rates, fluctuating slightly but generally hovering around zero. The most recent year, 2023, recorded a net migration rate of -0.39 per 1000 inhabitants, suggesting a trend towards stabilization in migration patterns.

Early 2000s Peak Negative Migration Rates

The early 2000s witnessed some of the highest negative net migration rates of the past three decades, with 2001 recording a rate of -3.50 per 1000 inhabitants. This period marked a peak in Mexico's net outflow of inhabitants, contrasting sharply with the more balanced rates seen in recent years.

Decadal Shift Towards Lower Migration Rates

A decadal analysis reveals a clear shift towards lower net migration rates. The transition from the 1980s ' high negative rates to the more moderate rates of the 2020s highlights a significant change in Mexico's migration dynamics over the years. This shift indicates an evolving economic or social landscape that impacts migration trends.

Impact of Socio-economic Factors on Migration Trends

The fluctuation in net migration rates over the years suggests an underlying influence of socio-economic factors. High negative rates in the 1980s and early 2000s, followed by a stabilization in recent years, could reflect changes in employment opportunities, economic conditions, and policy measures affecting migration patterns.

Frequently Asked Questions

What were the highest negative net migration rates Mexico has ever experienced?

Mexico experienced its most negative net migration rates from 1986 to 1989, with values as low as -8.38 per 1000 inhabitants.

What years in Mexico recorded positive net migration rates?

2016 and 2022 recorded positive net migration rates of 0.27 and 0.40 per 1000 inhabitants respectively, deviating from Mexico's usual trend of net outflow.

What have been the net migration rates in Mexico over the past five years?

The past five years (2019-2023) have shown relatively stable net migration rates generally hovering around zero, with 2023 recording a rate of -0.39 per 1000 inhabitants.

Terms and Definitions

The net migration rate is a measure of the difference between the number of people entering a country and the number of people leaving the same country, per 1,000 people in the population, in a certain year. This figure can turn negative if more people are leaving than entering, indicating net emigration.

Immigration refers to the process or act of individuals moving to a different country with the intention of residing there either temporarily or permanently.

Emigration is the process or act of leaving one's native country to live in another. It is the opposite of immigration.

Push factors are reasons or circumstances that drive people to leave their current location or country. These factors often consist of unfavorable conditions like unemployment, lack of resources, political instability, or natural disasters.

Pull factors, in contrast to push factors, attract people to a different location or country. These factors often consist of better opportunities like the prospect of employment, a higher standard of living, political stability, or educational opportunities.
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