Geographic Properties

Total Area: 758,449 mi² (World Rank: 13th)
Land Area: 750,561 mi² (World Rank: 14th)
Continent: North America
Bordering Countries/Regions: Belize, Guatemala, United States


Population: 129 million people (2023 estimate, World Rank: 10th)
Population Density: 167 people/mi² (2021 estimate, World Rank: 153rd)
Population Growth: 0.504 %/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 142nd)
Life Expectancy: 75.1 years (2020 estimate, World Rank: 119th)
Median Age: 29 years (2021 estimate, World Rank: 132nd)

Cultural Properties

Languages: Spanish (98%), Yucateco (0.72%), Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl (0.5%), Western Huasteca Nahuatl (0.48%), Zapotec (0.41%)
Ethnic Mix: Mestizo (60%), Amerindian (30%), White (9%), Other (1%)
Religions: Christianity (96%), Ethnic Religions (1.1%), Islam (0.2%), Judaism (0.12%)
Literacy Rate: 95.25% (2020 estimate)

Capital and Major Cities

Capital City: Mexico City, Ciudad de México
Largest Cities:
- Mexico City: 9.21 million people
- Tijuana: 1.697 million people
- Ecatepec: 1.678 million people
- Puebla: 1.54 million people
- Guadalajara: 1.495 million people

Economic Properties

GDP: $1.414 trillion/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 14th)
GDP at Parity: $2.743 trillion/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 13th)
Real GDP: $1.244 trillion/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 15th)
GDP per Capita: $11,091/yr/person (2022 estimate, World Rank: 100th)
GDP Real Growth: +3.062%/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 125th)
Gini Index: 0.454 (2020 estimate, World Rank: 135th)
Consumer Price Inflation: +7.9%/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 94th)


Unemployment Rate: 3.31% (2022 estimate, World Rank: 167th highest)
Long-term Unemployment Rate: 0.0577% (2014 estimate, World Rank: 115th highest)
Labor Force: 58.7 million people (45.38% of population, 2022 estimate, World Rank: 12th)
Economically Active Children: 5.61% (2013 estimate, World Rank: 69th)

Business Information

Total Business Tax Rate: 55.1% of profit (2019 estimate, World Rank: 29th)
New Businesses Registered: 68,114/yr (7.142% of total businesses, 2020 estimate, World Rank: 22nd)

Media and Telecommunications

Internet Usage: 95.82 million people (75.63% of population, 2021 estimate, World Rank: 9th)
Mobile Cellular Subscriptions: 127.9 million (2022 estimate, World Rank: 14th)


Vehicles in Use: 23.9 million vehicles (402.2 vehicles per thousand people)
Total Road Length: 221,800 miles (2006 estimate)


Public Education Spending: 4.254% of GDP (2018 estimate, World Rank: 109th)
Students: 29.75 million people (26.06% of population, 2011 estimate, World Rank: 9th)
Teachers: 1.43 million people (2020 estimate, World Rank: 7th)

Health Care

Health Spending: $809.00 USD/person/yr (2007 estimate)
Physicians per Capita: 2.425/1000 people (2019 estimate)
Hospital Beds: 1/1000 people (2004 estimate)

UN Human Development Index

Health: 0.877 (World Rank: 47th)
Education: 0.655 (World Rank: 101st)
Living Standards: 0.77 (World Rank: 65th)
Total: 0.762 (World Rank: 77th, 2015 estimate)
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