Geographic Properties

Continent: South America
Total Area: 1.068 million mi² (World Rank: 8th)
Land Area: 1.057 million mi² (World Rank: 8th)
Bordering Countries/Regions: Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


Population: 45.8 million people (2023 estimate, World Rank: 33rd)
Population Density: 42 people/mi² (2021 estimate, World Rank: 216th)
Population Growth: 0.5 %/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 144th)
Life Expectancy: 76.8 years (2020 estimate, World Rank: 98th)
Median Age: 31.3 years (2021 estimate, World Rank: 118th)

Cultural Properties

Languages: Spanish (97%), Italian (2.5%), Galician (1.7%), Guarani (0.54%), Polish (0.45%)
Ethnic Mix: White (97%), Other (3%), Amerindian, Mestizo
Religions: Christianity (92%), Islam (1.9%), Judaism (1.3%), Spiritism (0.23%), Ethnic religions (0.19%)
Literacy Rate: 99% (2018 estimate)

Capital and Major Cities

Capital City: Buenos Aires
Largest Cities:
- Buenos Aires: 3.121 million people
- Rosario, Santa Fe: 1.4 million people
- Cordoba, Córdoba: 1.33 million people
- Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires: 860,000 people
- La Plata, Buenos Aires: 694,613 people

Economic Properties

GDP: $487.2 billion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 27th)
GDP at Parity: $1.083 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 28th)
Real GDP: $568.1 billion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 22nd)
GDP per Capita: $10,636/yr/person (2021 estimate, World Rank: 95th)
GDP Real Growth: 10.4%/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 26th)
Gini Index: 0.423 (2020 estimate, World Rank: 118th)
Consumer Price Inflation: 53.55%/yr (2019 estimate, World Rank: 6th)


Unemployment Rate: 10.9% (2021 estimate, World Rank: 53rd highest)
Long-term Unemployment Rate: 1.89% (2013 estimate, World Rank: 67th highest)
Labor Force: 21.21 million people (45.73% of population, 2021 estimate, World Rank: 31st)

Business Information

Total Business Tax Rate: 106.3% of profit (2019 estimate, World Rank: 2nd)
New Businesses Registered: 5667/yr (7.499% of total businesses, 2018 estimate, World Rank: 92nd)

Media and Telecommunications

Internet Usage: 39.92 million people (87.15% of population, 2021 estimate, World Rank: 25th)
Mobile Cellular Subscriptions: 59.07 million (2021 estimate, World Rank: 27th)


Total Road Length: 143,770 miles (2003 estimate)


Public Education Spending: 5.016% of GDP (2020 estimate, World Rank: 75th)
Students: 11.68 million people (28.64% of population, 2010 estimate, World Rank: 24th)
Teachers: 612,733 people (2008 estimate, World Rank: 21st)

Health Care

Physicians per Capita: 3.99/1000 people (2017 estimate)
Hospital Beds: 4.1/1000 people (2000 estimate)

UN Human Development Index

Health: 0.869 (World Rank: 53rd)
Education: 0.808 (World Rank: 37th)
Living Standards: 0.807 (World Rank: 56th)
Total: 0.827 (World Rank: 45th, 2015 estimate)
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