Brazil: Number of HIV Patients, by year
YearNumber of patients,
in thousands
2022990
2021960
2020930
2019900
2018870
2017840
2016810
2015780
2014750
2013720
2012700
2011670
2010640
  • Region: Brazil
  • Time period: 2010 to 2022
  • Published: Mar 2024

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Mar 29, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Steady Increase in HIV Patients

Between 2010 and 2022, Brazil witnessed a consistent year-on-year increase in the number of people living with HIV, growing from 640,000 to 990,000. This increment represents a total increase of 350,000 patients over a 12-year span, highlighting a significant and ongoing public health challenge.

Average Annual Growth

The average annual growth in the number of HIV patients in Brazil over the 12 years was approximately 29,167 patients. This steady growth underscores the persistent spread of HIV and the critical need for enhanced prevention and treatment strategies.

Notable Growth Spurts

Analyzing the data more closely reveals a slight acceleration in the growth rate. Specifically, the increase from 840,000 patients in 2017 to 990,000 in 2022 shows an enhanced annual growth rate, suggesting that the situation has become more pressing in the latter half of the observed period.

Decade of Growth

Over the decade from 2010 to 2020, the number of HIV patients in Brazil increased by 290,000. This decade-long perspective provides a broader view of the epidemic's progression, indicating a relentless rise in cases that demands continued attention from health policymakers and the public.

Implications for Public Health Strategy

The unbroken rise in HIV cases from 700,000 in 2012 to 990,000 in 2022 necessitates a reevaluation of current public health strategies. It underscores the importance of intensifying efforts in HIV prevention, testing, and treatment to curb the epidemic's growth.

Frequently Asked Questions

How have the numbers of HIV patients in Brazil changed in recent years?

The number of people living with HIV in Brazil rose from 640,000 in 2010 to 990,000 in 2022, a total increase of 350,000 patients.

What is the average annual growth in the number of HIV patients in Brazil over these 12 years?

The average annual growth in the number of HIV patients in Brazil over the 12 years was approximately 29,167 patients.

Terms and Definitions

HIV, or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is an infection that can lead to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). This virus targets the immune system, hindering the body's ability to combat other viruses and diseases.

AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is the last stage of the disease caused by HIV. It's characterized by a severe weakening of the immune system, leaving the individual susceptible to deadly infections and diseases.

Patients are individuals who require medical care or treatment. In the context of this article, patients refer to individuals who have been diagnosed with HIV and are receiving treatment or care for the disease.

Epidemiology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases and other health conditions. It can be crucial for understanding the spread and impact of HIV in specific communities or countries like Brazil.

Prevalence refers to the total number of cases of a disease in a particular population at a given time. It's often used to gauge the level of health issues, like HIV, within a given population.

Incidence refers to the number of new cases of a disease that occur in a specific population within a specific time period. In this context, incidence would refer to the number of new HIV cases in Brazil in a given year.

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) involves the use of HIV medicines to treat the virus. It's the recommended treatment for HIV, as it can't cure the condition but can help people with the virus live longer, healthier lives.

Vertical Transmission is a method of transmission where a disease is passed from the mother to her unborn or newborn child. In the context of HIV, it refers to the passing of the virus from an HIV-positive mother to her child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
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