Africa: AIDS Mortality Rate, by country
CountryNumber of deaths,
per 1000 population
Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinea1.67
South AfricaSouth Africa0.76
South SudanSouth Sudan0.54
Central African RepublicCentral African Republic0.72
Ivory CoastIvory Coast0.33
  • Region: Africa
  • Time period: 2022
  • Published: Oct 2023

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Mar 29, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Eswatini and Lesotho lead in AIDS mortality rates

Eswatini and Lesotho stand out with the highest AIDS mortality rates among the listed African countries, at 2.26 and 2.15 deaths per 1000 population, respectively. These figures significantly exceed the rates found in other countries, highlighting a critical public health crisis.

Botswana and Mozambique share a notable mortality rate

Botswana and Mozambique both report an AIDS mortality rate of 1.47 deaths per 1000 population. This rate positions them prominently among countries facing severe impacts from AIDS, trailing only slightly behind the leaders Eswatini and Lesotho.

Lowest mortality rates observed in West and East Africa

Countries like Ghana (0.30 deaths per 1000 population), Côte d'Ivoire (0.33), and Kenya (0.36) showcase the lowest AIDS mortality rates. These rates suggest regional differences in the impact of AIDS across the continent, with West and East African countries reporting lower figures compared to their Southern counterparts.

Southern Africa experiences higher AIDS mortality rates

Southern African countries, including Lesotho, Eswatini, and Botswana, exhibit some of the highest AIDS mortality rates. This regional trend underscores the acute challenge AIDS poses to public health in Southern Africa.

A broad range of mortality rates across Africa

The data reveals a wide variance in AIDS mortality rates across African countries, from as high as 2.26 deaths per 1000 in Eswatini to as low as 0.30 in Ghana. This range indicates diverse levels of disease management and prevention efforts.

Gambia, South Sudan, and Guinea-Bissau among countries with rates below 0.6

Gambia (0.51 deaths per 1000 population), South Sudan (0.54), and Guinea-Bissau (0.56) are notable for their lower AIDS mortality rates. Despite challenges, these countries maintain rates below 0.6, suggesting effective responses or lower disease prevalence.

Significant role of national strategies in combating AIDS

The variance in AIDS mortality rates, ranging from 0.30 to 2.26 deaths per 1000 population, likely reflects the effectiveness of national strategies in combating the disease. Countries with lower rates may have implemented successful prevention, treatment, and care programs.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which African countries have the highest AIDS mortality rates?

Eswatini and Lesotho have the highest AIDS mortality rates in Africa, with 2.26 and 2.15 deaths per 1000 population, respectively.

Which African countries have the lowest AIDS mortality rates?

Ghana (0.30 deaths per 1000 population), Côte d'Ivoire (0.33 deaths per 1000 population), and Kenya (0.36 deaths per 1000 population) have the lowest AIDS mortality rates in Africa.

Which region in Africa experiences higher AIDS mortality rates?

Southern Africa experiences higher AIDS mortality rates, with countries including Lesotho, Eswatini, and Botswana being most affected.

Terms and Definitions

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It damages the immune system, interfering with the body's ability to fight off viruses, bacteria, and fungi that cause disease, making the person more prone to infections and diseases that the body would normally resist.

Mortality rate, also known as death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time. It is typically expressed in units of deaths per 1,000 individuals per year.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the body's immune system. If HIV is not treated, it can lead to AIDS. HIV spreads through certain body fluids and is transmitted by sexual behaviors, sharing needles, or from mother to baby during birth or breastfeeding.

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the treatment of people infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) using anti-HIV drugs. The standard treatment consists of a combination of at least three drugs that suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of the disease.

Prevalence refers to the number of people who have a specific health-related condition (in this case, AIDS/HIV) in a population at a particular point in time. It is often measured as a percentage of the total population.

Incidence refers to the number of new cases of a disease (like AIDS/HIV) that develop in a specific population, during a specific time period. It gives a sense of how quickly a disease is spreading.
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