China: Incidence of Tuberculosis, by year
YearCases of tuberculosis,
per 100,000
202252
202155
202058
201958
201861
201762
201663
201565
201467
201370
201273
  • Region: China
  • Time period: 2012 to 2022
  • Published: Feb 2024

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Mar 29, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Decrease in Tuberculosis Incidence Over a Decade

Between 2012 and 2022, the incidence of tuberculosis in China witnessed a steady decline, dropping from 73 cases per 100,000 inhabitants to 52 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. This represents a total reduction of 21 cases per 100,000 inhabitants over the decade, highlighting the effectiveness of public health interventions and disease control measures implemented across the country.

Yearly Decline in Incidence Rates

An examination of the annual data reveals a consistent pattern of decline in tuberculosis cases, with the incidence rate decreasing by an average of approximately 2.1 cases per 100,000 inhabitants each year. This trend underscores the ongoing success in combating tuberculosis, reflecting the impact of sustained health initiatives.

Plateauing of Incidence Rates Before 2020

The data indicates a plateau in the incidence rates of tuberculosis between 2019 and 2020, with both years recording 58 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. This stability suggests a momentary slowdown in the rate of decrease, possibly due to various challenges, including resource allocation or emerging health crises like the COVID-19 pandemic.

Most Significant Yearly Decrease After 2020

The most substantial yearly decrease occurred between 2020 and 2021, where the incidence of tuberculosis fell from 58 to 55 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. This 3 cases per 100,000 drop highlights a significant rebound in tuberculosis control efforts post-2020, potentially reflecting enhanced public health strategies and interventions.

Comparative Analysis of Initial and Recent Years

A comparative analysis of the initial and most recent years within the dataset (2012 vs. 2022) reveals a significant decrease in the incidence rate, with a reduction of 21 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. This comparison underscores the long-term effectiveness of tuberculosis control measures over the past decade, demonstrating the cumulative impact of sustained public health efforts.

Incremental Decreases Leading to a Significant Decade-Long Reduction

The incremental yearly decreases in tuberculosis incidence rates collectively contributed to a significant overall reduction over the decade. The consistent yet variable annual declines illustrate the nuanced nature of public health challenges and the importance of adaptable strategies in disease control and prevention efforts.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the trend of tuberculosis incidence in China in recent years?

There was a steady decline from 73 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 2012 to 52 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 2022.

What was the average annual decrease in tuberculosis cases?

The average annual decrease was approximately 2.1 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.

When did the most significant yearly decrease occur?

The most substantial yearly decrease occurred between 2020 and 2021, with a drop of 3 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.

Terms and Definitions

Tuberculosis, often abbreviated to TB, is a type of infectious disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium. The disease predominantly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can affect other parts of the body as well (extra-pulmonary TB). TB is spread from person to person through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes from an infected person.

In epidemiology, incidence refers to the number of new cases of a disease that occur in a specific population during a specified period. It's a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period.

Unlike incidence, prevalence refers to the total number of individuals in a population who have a disease or health condition at a specific period. This number includes both new (incident) cases and pre-existing cases at a specific point in time.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes TB. The bacterium spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, speaks, or sings.

Pulmonary tuberculosis is a form of TB that primarily affects the lungs. Symptoms may include a chronic cough with blood-containing sputum, fever, night sweats, and weight loss.

Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis is a type of TB that infects any region of the body outside of the lungs, such as the lymph nodes, kidneys, bone, brain, and other organs. The symptoms vary depending on which part of the body is affected.

Latent tuberculosis is a state where an individual is infected with the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria but does not have active TB disease. Those with latent TB are not infectious and cannot spread TB to others, but they may develop active TB disease in the future.

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a form of TB that is resistant to at least two of the main first-line TB drugs -- isoniazid and rifampicin. MDR-TB is more difficult and expensive to treat and has a worse outcome compared to regular TB.
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