Geographic Properties

Total Area: 3.705 million mi² (World Rank: 4th)
Land Area: 3.601 million mi² (World Rank: 2nd)
Continent: Asia
Bordering Countries/Regions: Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam


Population: 1.43 billion people (2023 estimate, World Rank: 2nd)
Population Density: 385 people/mi² (2021 estimate, World Rank: 87th)
Population Growth: 0.004 %/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 188th)
Life Expectancy: 77.1 years (2020 estimate, World Rank: 90th)
Median Age: 37.9 years (2021 estimate, World Rank: 70th)

Cultural Properties

Languages: Chinese (91%), Mandarin Chinese (64%), Wu Chinese (5.8%), Yue Chinese (5.1%), Jinyu Chinese (3.3%)
Ethnic Mix: Han Chinese (91.5%), Other (8.5%)
Religions: Chinese Universism (29%), Buddhism (8.5%), Christianity (8.5%), Ethnic religions (4.4%), Islam (1.5%)
Literacy Rate: 97.15% (2020 estimate)

Capital and Major Cities

Capital City: Beijing
Largest Cities:
- Shanghai: 24.87 million people
- Beijing: 21.89 million people
- Tianjin: 15.47 million people
- Chengdu, Sichuan: 16.05 million people
- Guangzhou, Guangdong: 13.5 million people

Economic Properties

GDP: $17.73 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 2nd)
GDP at Parity: $27.31 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 1st)
Real GDP: $15.8 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 2nd)
GDP per Capita: $12556/yr/person (2021 estimate, World Rank: 88th)
GDP Real Growth: 8.11%/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 38th)
Gini Index: 0.382 (2019 estimate, World Rank: 90th)
Consumer Price Inflation: 0.98%/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 171st)


Unemployment Rate: 4.82% (2021 estimate, World Rank: 144th highest)
Labor Force: 791.4 million people (58.24% of population, 2021 estimate, World Rank: 1st)

Business Information

Total Business Tax Rate: 59.2% of profit (2019 estimate, World Rank: 22nd)
New Businesses Registered: 232064/yr (2020 estimate, World Rank: 6th)

Media and Telecommunications

Internet Usage: 1.032 billion people (73.05% of population, 2021 estimate, World Rank: 1st)
Mobile Cellular Subscriptions: 1.733 billion (2021 estimate, World Rank: 1st)


Vehicles in Use: 118.3 million vehicles
Total Road Length: 2.15 million miles (2006 estimate)


Public Education Spending: 3.57% of GDP (2020 estimate, World Rank: 141st)
Students: 228.5 million people (16.99% of population, 2011 estimate, World Rank: 2nd)
Teachers: 13.52 million people (2021 estimate, World Rank: 1st)

Health Care

Physicians per Capita: 1.98/1000 people (2017 estimate)
Hospital Beds: 2.2/1000 people (2006 estimate)

UN Human Development Index

Health: 0.861 (World Rank: 58th)
Education: 0.631 (World Rank: 108th)
Living Standards: 0.739 (World Rank: 82nd)
Total: 0.738 (World Rank: 90th, 2015 estimate)
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Arms Trade and Defense Spending
Defense spending and arms trade refers to the financial allocation and transactions made by nations or international entities to develop, purchase, sell, and maintain military equipment, weaponry, and technologies for national security and political leverage. Read more »
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