Jamaica: Homicide Rate, by year
per 100,000 inhabitants
  • Region: Jamaica
  • Time period: 2014 to 2022
  • Published: Feb 2024

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Mar 30, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Sharp Increase in Homicide Rate in 2023

Jamaica experienced a significant surge in its homicide rate, reaching 60.9 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants in 2023. This marks the highest rate observed in the dataset, showcasing a drastic 15.1% increase from the 52.9 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants reported in 2022. The year 2023 stands out as a critical period in which the country faced its most severe challenge regarding violent crimes over the last decade.

Trend of Rising Homicide Rates

Over the decade, Jamaica has witnessed a generally upward trajectory in homicide rates. Starting from 36.4 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants in 2014, the rate escalated to 60.9 by 2023. This increment underscores a worrying trend of increasing violence, with the rate rising by approximately 67.3% over ten years, emphasizing the growing safety concerns within the country.

Comparison of Recent Years to Early 2010s

The homicide rate in 2023 was significantly higher than a decade ago, with a 67.3% increase from the 36.4 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants recorded in 2014. Such a comparison highlights not only the volatility of violent crimes in Jamaica but also the deteriorating security situation that has escalated particularly in the latter half of the past decade.

Analysis of Fluctuations within the Decade

Jamaica's homicide rates have not followed a linear path, with years such as 2017 and 2023 marking peaks (55.7 and 60.9 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, respectively), and others like 2014 and 2015 presenting relatively lower figures (36.4 and 45.0 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants). These fluctuations indicate varying degrees of effectiveness in addressing violent crimes and possibly reflect the impact of socio-economic factors and law enforcement efforts over time.

Stabilization Attempt Pre-2023 Spike

Before the spike in 2023, Jamaica's homicide rate showed signs of potential stabilization. Between 2018 and 2019, the rate hovered around 47 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, suggesting efforts to control violent crimes might have been temporarily effective. However, the subsequent years, especially 2023, demonstrated that these measures were insufficient to curb the long-term trend of increasing violence.

The Outlier Year of 2017

The year 2017 stands out as a previous peak with a homicide rate of 55.7 per 100,000 inhabitants, before dropping to 50.0 in 2016 and then rising again. The fluctuations around this year underscore the challenges in sustaining long-term reductions in violent crime, with 2017 serving as a reminder of the volatile nature of Jamaica's homicide rate even before the unprecedented increase in 2023.

Frequently Asked Questions

What was the notable increase in Jamaica's homicide rate in 2023?

Jamaica's homicide rate reached a significant 60.9 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants in 2023, marking a 15.1% increase from the previous year.

How has the homicide rate changed over the past decade?

Over the decade, Jamaica's homicide rate increased from 36.4 to 60.9 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, showing a rise of 67.3%.

Terms and Definitions

This is a measure used to determine the number of homicides that occur within a specific population over a certain period, often referred to as a year. The rate is usually presented per 100,000 or 1,000 people to allow for comparison across different population sizes.

This is the mathematical process used to determine the homicide rate. The total number of incidents (in this case, homicides) within a specific time frame is divided by the total population and then multiplied by a chosen factor - often 100,000 or 1,000.

This refers to the number of crimes reported to law enforcement agencies per unit of population, usually 100,000 persons, over a specific period, typically one year.

A classification of crime in which violence is either the objective or the means to an end, including murder, rape, aggravated assault, and robbery.

A type of homicide where one person kills another intentionally and with premeditation.

A type of homicide where one person kills another without premeditation or intent to cause serious harm or death. This is generally considered less severe than murder and often involves reckless or negligent actions that result in death.

Strategies and measures that seek to reduce the risk of crimes occurring, and their potential harmful effects on individuals and society, including fear of crime, by intervening to influence their multiple causes.

Data gathered, analysis done, and information disseminated about the amount, distribution, nature, and change in volume over time of different types of crimes. These help in the understanding of crime patterns and trends, and the effectiveness of crime prevention measures.
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