Mexico: Number of Prison Releases, by type of center
YearLocal PCs,
in 1,000s
Federal PCs,
in 1,000s
  • Region: Mexico
  • Time period: 2017 to 2021
  • Published: Feb 2023

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Apr 15, 2024 | Published by: Statistico | About Us / Data / Analysis

Decline in Federal Penitentiary Releases from 2019 to 2021

The number of individuals released from federal penitentiary centers saw a significant decrease, dropping from 8,560 in 2019 to 3,820 in 2021, marking a decrease of 55.36%. This trend suggests a notable shift in federal penitentiary release dynamics over a two-year period.

Increase in Local Penitentiary Releases from 2020 to 2021

Releases from local penitentiary centers increased by 18.12%, from 87,260 in 2020 to 103,040 in 2021. This rebound highlights a recovery or change in policy or conditions within local centers after a year of lower release numbers.

Comparison of Federal and Local Releases in 2021

In 2021, the disparity between local and federal releases was pronounced, with local penitentiaries releasing 103,040 individuals compared to the 3,820 from federal centers. The data highlights that local centers were responsible for releasing 96.4% of the total number of individuals, underscoring the significant role of local facilities in the release process.

Highest Local Releases Recorded in 2019

The year 2019 saw the highest number of releases from local penitentiary centers over the observed period, with 104,500 individuals being released. This peak demonstrates a notable high point in local releases before variations in subsequent years.

Federal Penitentiary Release Fluctuations

The number of releases from federal penitentiary centers fluctuated notably, with a peak of 8,560 releases in 2019, followed by a decrease to 5,990 in 2020, and then a further decline to 3,820 in 2021. These fluctuations may reflect changes in federal policies, operational procedures, or other factors affecting release rates.

Stability in Local Penitentiary Releases

Releases from local penitentiary centers remained relatively stable, with a slight decrease in 2020 (87,260) from 2019 (104,500), but numbers in 2017, 2018, and 2021 were consistently above 103,000. This stability contrasts with the more variable release rates observed in federal centers.

Federal vs. Local Release Trends

Between 2017 and 2021, releases from federal penitentiary centers experienced more pronounced year-to-year fluctuations compared to local penitentiary centers, indicating potentially differing operational, legal, or policy environments influencing release rates between the two types of centers.

Frequently Asked Questions

What happened with federal penitentiary releases in recent years?

The number of individuals released from federal penitentiaries significantly decreased from 8,560 in 2019 to 3,820 in 2021, marking a 55.36% decrease.

What is the trend in local penitentiary releases in recent years?

Releases from local penitentiaries increased by 18.12%, rising from 87,260 in 2020 to 103,040 in 2021.

Terms and Definitions

This term refers to the percentage or number of inmates getting released from correctional facilities over a given period, usually calculated annually. The rates can give insights into the effectiveness of the judicial system, the capacity of prisons, and the impact of legislative changes on sentencing.

Correctional facilities, also known as prisons or jails, are establishments where individuals who have been charged with or convicted of crimes are held. These institutions can vary in their levels of security, the nature of the inmates they house, and the programs they run, all depending on the jurisdiction and the type of offenses involved.

A maximum-security prison is a type of correctional facility known for its strict procedures and high level of surveillance. Such prisons typically house prisoners who are considered the most dangerous or likely to escape, including those serving long sentences or facing charges for serious crimes such as murder, rape, or high-level drug offenses.

Minimum security prisons are the least restrictive type of correctional center. These institutions typically house prisoners who are deemed less of a risk to society and themselves. Offenders in these facilities are often serving shorter sentences, chiefly for non-violent offenses, and the prisons themselves tend to have fewer security measures in place.

A remand center is a type of jail used for holding individuals who are in custody but have not yet been sentenced. They are suspected of committing a crime and are being held until their court date, or until they're released on bail.

Juvenile Detention Centers are specialized facilities for individuals under the age of 18 who have committed a criminal act. These institutions focus on rehabilitation and education, with the goal of reintegrating these young offenders back into society.
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