Sweden: Number of Births, by gender
YearNo of boysNo of girls
  • Region: Sweden
  • Time period: 2013 to 2023
  • Published: Feb 2024

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Apr 11, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Overall Decrease in Births Over Time

Between 2013 and 2023, there was a noticeable decline in the total number of births in Sweden, with the figures reducing from 113,593 births to 100,051 births. This represents a significant decrease of approximately 13,542 births over a decade, indicating a downward trend in birth rates.

Gender Disparity in Birth Numbers

Throughout the observed years, the number of boys born annually consistently surpassed the number of girls. In 2023, 51,249 boys were born compared to 48,802 girls, reflecting a recurring pattern where male births outnumber female births.

Year-to-Year Fluctuations in Birth Rates

The data illustrates year-to-year fluctuations in birth numbers, with notable variations such as the increase from 54,877 births in 2013 to 59,098 births in 2014 for boys, and a similar increase for girls from 55,121 to 55,809 within the same period. These changes highlight the variability in birth rates before the overall decline.

Peak Birth Year for Boys and Girls

The peak year for births during the decade was 2016, with the highest numbers of both boys (60,199) and girls (57,226) born, marking it as the year with the most significant birth rate within the dataset.

Comparison of Decline Rates Between Genders

The decline in births from the peak year of 2016 to 2023 was more pronounced for boys than for girls. Boys saw a decrease of 8,950 births, from 60,199 to 51,249, whereas girls experienced a lesser decline of 8,424 births, from 57,226 to 48,802, indicating a slightly steeper decrease in male births over the period.

Frequently Asked Questions

How did the total number of births in Sweden change in recent years?

Between 2013 and 2023, there was a decrease in the total number of births in Sweden from 113,593 births to 100,051 births, or 13,542 fewer births.

Does the number of male births typically outweigh the number of female births?

Yes, data seems to reflect a recurring pattern of more male births, with the most recent count in 2023 showing 51,249 boys born compared to 48,802 girls.

Terms and Definitions

Birth rate refers to the number of live births per thousand of a population in a particular year. It is a key concept to understand demographic changes and population trends.

Population pyramids are graphical representations of the age and sex distribution of a population at a specific time. They can be useful for visualizing trends in births and deaths over time and for comparing these trends between different categories such as gender.

A live birth refers to the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, which, after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles.

The perinatal period begins at 22 completed weeks (154 days) of gestation and ends seven completed days after birth. It is a crucial period, as it covers the majority of births.

Birth registration refers to the official recording of a child's birth by the government. It provides a permanent, officially recognized record of existence and includes personal characteristics such as date of birth and gender.
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