Russia: Fertility Rate, by year
YearNumber of born children per woman
20211.49
20201.50
20191.50
20181.58
20171.62
20161.76
20151.78
20141.75
20131.71
20121.69
20111.58
  • Region: Russia
  • Time period: 2011 to 2021
  • Published: Mar 2024

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Apr 11, 2024 | Published by: Statistico | About Us / Data / Analysis

Decline in Fertility Rate Over a Decade

The fertility rate in Russia has experienced a steady decline from 1.78 children per woman in 2015 to 1.49 children per woman in 2021. This represents a decrease of 0.29 children per woman over six years, highlighting a significant shift in birth rates.

Lowest Fertility Rate Recorded in 2021

The year 2021 marked the lowest point in the fertility rate within the observed decade, with only 1.49 children born per woman. This points to a downward trend in population growth potential.

Stable Period Before the Decline

Between 2014 and 2016, the fertility rate remained relatively stable, averaging around 1.74 children per woman. This period of stability was followed by a consistent decline, illustrating a turning point in demographic trends.

Comparison of Peak to Recent Years

The peak fertility rate within the decade was 1.78 children per woman in 2015, contrasting sharply with the 1.49 children per woman recorded in 2021. The difference of 0.29 children per woman underlines a notable decrease in fertility over six years.

Trend of Consecutive Declines

From 2017 onwards, each subsequent year saw a decline in the fertility rate, moving from 1.62 children per woman in 2017 to 1.49 children per woman in 2021. This continuous decrease over five years suggests a sustained trend rather than a temporary fluctuation.

Early Decade Growth Followed by a Decline

The fertility rate initially increased from 1.58 children per woman in 2011 to 1.78 children per woman in 2015, only to follow a declining trend thereafter. This shift from growth to decline marks a significant change in demographic dynamics over the decade.

Frequently Asked Questions

What has been the change in fertility rate in Russia in recent years?

The fertility rate in Russia fell from 1.78 children per woman in 2015 to 1.49 children per woman in 2021.

Terms and Definitions

Fertility rate refers to the average number of children a woman would have during her lifetime, assuming that she lives to the end of her childbearing years and bears children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. It is typically expressed as births per woman.

Age-specific fertility rate is the number of live births per 1,000 women within a specific age group in a given year. It is often calculated for five-year age groups, such as 15-19, 20-24, etc.

Total fertility rate (TFR) is a measure that sums up the age-specific fertility rates in a particular year. It estimates the number of children a hypothetical cohort of women would have if they were to experience the ages-specific fertility rates of the given year throughout their childbearing years.

Replacement level fertility is the total fertility rate that ensures a population replaces itself from one generation to the next, without migration. In developed countries, it is generally around 2.1 live births per woman, accounting for mortality rates.

Birth rate is a measure of the number of live births per 1,000 people in a population in a particular year. This demographic indicator is used to understand the growth dynamics of a population.

The crude birth rate (CBR) is the number of live births occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year, per 1,000 mid-year total population of the given geographical area during the same year. It provides a snapshot of a population's fertility level at a certain point in time.

Population growth rate refers to the increase (or decrease) in the number of individuals in a population over a specific period of time, typically calculated as a percentage of the number of individuals at the start of the period.

Life expectancy is a statistical measure of how long a person may live, based on the year of their birth, current age and other demographic factors including gender. It is commonly used as an indicator of the health and wellbeing of a population.
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