Poland: Number of Births, by year
YearNumber of live births,
in thousands
  • Region: Poland
  • Time period: 1950 to 2023
  • Published: Feb 2024

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Apr 11, 2024 | Published by: Statistico | About Us / Data / Analysis

Declining trend in live births since 2015

Live births in Poland have been on a declining trend since 2015, with numbers dropping from 369,300 in 2015 to 272,200 in 2023. This represents a significant decrease of 26.3% over an 8-year period, indicating a consistent decline in birth rates.

Lowest number of live births in over 74 years

The year 2023 recorded the lowest number of live births in the dataset with 272,200, the lowest since at least 1950. This marks a drastic reduction from the highest recorded number of 793,800 live births in 1955, showcasing a significant demographic shift.

Period of growth in live births between 2010 and 2017

Between 2010 and 2017, Poland experienced a period of growth in live births, with the number increasing from 413,300 in 2010 to 402,000 in 2017. Despite a slight fluctuation, this period signifies a brief reversal in the otherwise long-term declining trend.

Significant drop in live births after 2017

After reaching a peak in 2017 with 402,000 live births, there was a marked and continuous drop to 272,200 live births in 2023. The decrease of 129,800 live births in just 6 years highlights a significant acceleration in the declining birth rate.

Decadal comparison reveals deeper trends

Comparing decades, the 1980s showcased an average of approximately 687,950 live births, significantly higher than the 371,480 average live births from 2010 to 2019. This comparison underlines a profound change in birth rates over the last 40 years.

The most significant year-over-year decline occurred recently

The most significant year-over-year decline occurred between 2021 and 2022, with a decrease of 25,900 live births. This sharp decline from 331,500 to 305,600 live births signifies an accelerating negative trend in recent years.

Historical highs and lows outline demographic shifts

Historical data points such as the highest number of live births in 1955 (793,800) and the lowest in 2023 (272,200) outline dramatic demographic shifts over the decades. The data suggest significant changes in societal, economic, or policy factors affecting birth rates in Poland.

Frequently Asked Questions

What has been the trend in live births in Poland in recent years?

Live births in Poland have been on a declining trend since 2015, dropping by a significant 26.3% from 369,300 in 2015 to 272,200 in 2023.

Terms and Definitions

A live birth refers to the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, which, after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles.

The birth rate is a statistical measure used to represent the number of live births that occur per 1,000 people in a population in a specific year. It is often used in conjunction with the death rate to calculate population growth.

Demography is the scientific study of human populations, including their size, structure, and distribution, and changes therein, as influenced by birth, death, migration, and aging.

Replacement level fertility refers to the total fertility rate that maintains a stable population size from generation to generation, excluding migration. This rate is generally considered to be 2.1 children per woman.

Age-specific fertility rate (ASFR) is a statistical measure expressing the number of live births per 1,000 women in a specific age group within a population during a specific period.

The crude birth rate is the total number of live births per 1,000 of a population in a year. It is called "crude" because it does not take into account age or sex differences among the population.

A population pyramid is a graphical representation used in demography that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population. It typically consists of two back-to-back bar graphs, with the population plotted on the X-axis and age on the Y-axis, one showing the number of males and one showing females in five-year age groups.
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