Geographic Properties

Total Area: 735358 mi² (World Rank: 15th)
Land Area: 699451 mi² (World Rank: 15th)
Continent: Asia
Bordering Countries/Regions: East Timor, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea


Population: 278 million people (2023 estimate, World Rank: 4th)
Population Density: 371 people/mi² (2021 estimate, World Rank: 91st)
Population Growth: 0.631 %/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 136th)
Life Expectancy: 71.9 years (2020 estimate, World Rank: 157th)
Median Age: 29.4 years (2021 estimate, World Rank: 129th)

Cultural Properties

Languages: Javanese (26%), Malay (25%), Indonesian (17%), Sundanese (13%), Madurese (3%)
Ethnic Mix: Javanese (40.6%), other (29.9%), Sundanese (15%), Madurese (3.3%), Minangkabau (2.7%)
Religions: Islam (54%), Christianity (14%), Hinduism (3.4%), ethnic religions (2.5%), Chinese Universism (1.4%), Buddhism (0.9%)
Literacy Rate: 96% (2020 estimate)

Capital and Major Cities

Capital City: Jakarta
Largest Cities:
- Jakarta: 10.56 million people
- Surabaya, Jawa Timur: 3.457 million people
- Bekasi, Jawa Barat: 2.663 million people
- Bandung, Jawa Barat: 2.575 million people
- Jember, Jawa Timur: 2.398 million people

Economic Properties

GDP: $1.319 trillion/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 16th)
GDP at Parity: $4.037 trillion/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 7th)
Real GDP: $1.122 trillion/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 17th)
GDP per Capita: $4788/yr/person (2022 estimate, World Rank: 148th)
GDP Real Growth: +5.309%/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 62nd)
Gini Index: 0.379 (World Rank: 87th)
Consumer Price Inflation: +4.21%/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 148th)


Unemployment Rate: 3.55% (2022 estimate, World Rank: 162nd highest)
Labor Force: 137.3 million people (48.71% of population, 2022 estimate, World Rank: 4th)

Business Information

Total Business Tax Rate: 30.1% of profit (2019 estimate, World Rank: 132nd)
New Businesses Registered: 58426/yr (6.99% of total businesses, 2016 estimate, World Rank: 25th)

Media and Telecommunications

Internet Usage: 183.2 million people (66.48% of population, 2022 estimate, World Rank: 4th)
Mobile Cellular Subscriptions: 316.6 million (2022 estimate, World Rank: 4th)


Vehicles in Use: 23 million vehicles (109 vehicles per thousand people)
Total Road Length: 242960 miles (2005 estimate)


Public Education Spending: 3.49% of GDP (2020 estimate, World Rank: 143rd)
Students: 56.8 million people (22.99% of population, 2011 estimate, World Rank: 3rd)
Teachers: 2.893 million people (2020 estimate, World Rank: 4th)

Health Care

Physicians per Capita: 0.6228/1000 people (2020 estimate)

UN Human Development Index

Health: 0.755 (World Rank: 126th)
Education: 0.622 (World Rank: 112th)
Living Standards: 0.696 (World Rank: 103rd)
Total: 0.689 (World Rank: 113th, 2015 estimate)
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