Geographic Properties

Total Area: 307374 mi² (World Rank: 36th)
Land Area: 297637 mi² (World Rank: 36th)
Continent: Asia
Bordering Countries/Regions: Afghanistan, China, India, Iran


Population: 241 million people (2023 estimate, World Rank: 5th)
Population Density: 777 people/mi² (2021 estimate, World Rank: 48th)
Population Growth: 1.83 %/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 56th)
Life Expectancy: 67.4 years (2020 estimate, World Rank: 186th)
Median Age: 20.2 years (2021 estimate, World Rank: 191st)

Cultural Properties

Languages: Lahnda (54%), Western Panjabi (38%), Pashto (18%), Sindhi (14%), Saraiki (12%)
Ethnic Mix: Punjabi (44.68%), Pashtun (15.42%), Sindhi (14.1%), Sariaki (8.38%), Urdu (7.57%)
Religions: Islam (96%), Christianity (2.5%), Hinduism (1.3%), Ethnic religions (0.11%)
Literacy Rate: 58% (2019 estimate)

Capital and Major Cities

Capital City: Islamabad, F.C.T.
Largest Cities:
- Karachi, Sindh: 21.98 million people
- Lahore, Punjab: 11.13 million people
- Faisalabad, Punjab: 4.075 million people
- Hyderabad, Sindh: 3.429 million people
- Rawalpindi, Punjab: 3.199 million people

Economic Properties

GDP: $376.5 billion/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 43rd)
GDP at Parity: $1.518 trillion/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 22nd)
Real GDP: $362.2 billion/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 37th)
GDP per Capita: $1597/yr/person (2022 estimate, World Rank: 197th)
GDP Real Growth: +6.188%/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 47th)
Gini Index: 0.296 (2018 estimate, World Rank: 24th)
Consumer Price Inflation: +19.87%/yr (2022 estimate, World Rank: 21st)


Unemployment Rate: 6.42% (2022 estimate, World Rank: 90th highest)
Long-term Unemployment Rate: 0.127% (2010 estimate, World Rank: 111th highest)
Labor Force: 78.91 million people (35.22% of population, 2022 estimate, World Rank: 6th)
Economically Active Children: 13% (2011 estimate, World Rank: 50th)

Business Information

Total Business Tax Rate: 33.9% of profit (2019 estimate, World Rank: 110th)
New Businesses Registered: 19791/yr (World Rank: 53rd)

Media and Telecommunications

Internet Usage: 48.68 million people (21.04% of population, 2021 estimate, World Rank: 22nd)
Mobile Cellular Subscriptions: 192.8 million (2022 estimate, World Rank: 9th)


Vehicles in Use: 6 million vehicles (2004 estimate)
Total Road Length: 161820 miles (2006 estimate)


Public Education Spending: 2.378% of GDP (2021 estimate, World Rank: 180th)
Students: 30.31 million people (14.99% of population, 2012 estimate, World Rank: 7th)
Teachers: 1.175 million people (2018 estimate, World Rank: 8th)

Health Care

Physicians per Capita: 1.118/1000 people (2019 estimate)
Hospital Beds: 1.2/1000 people (2005 estimate)

UN Human Development Index

Health: 0.713 (World Rank: 137th)
Education: 0.395 (World Rank: 169th)
Living Standards: 0.592 (World Rank: 133rd)
Total: 0.55 (World Rank: 147th)
All statistics
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