France

France

Geographic Properties

Continent: Europe
Total Area: 212935 mi² (World Rank: 49th)
Land Area: 212345 mi² (World Rank: 49th)
Bordering Countries/Regions: Andorra, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Monaco, Spain, Switzerland

Demographics

Population: 64.8 million people (2023 estimate, World Rank: 23rd)
Population Density: 303 people/mi² (2021 estimate, World Rank: 102nd)
Population Growth: 0.09 %/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 180th)
Life Expectancy: 82.8 years (2020 estimate, World Rank: 16th)
Median Age: 41.6 years (2021 estimate, World Rank: 39th)

Cultural Properties

Languages: French (96%), Arabic (4.8%), Algerian Arabic (2.2%), Moroccan Arabic (1.9%), Portuguese (1.6%)
Ethnic Mix: White (85%), North African (10%), Black (3.3%), Asian (1.7%)
Religions: Christianity (69%), Islam (8.2%), Judaism (1%), Buddhism (0.76%)
Literacy Rate: 99% (2003 estimate)

Capital and Major Cities

Capital City: Paris, Île-de-France
Largest Cities:
- Paris: 2.165 million people
- Marseille: 855393 people
- Lyon: 506615 people
- Toulouse: 471941 people
- Nice: 342522 people

Economic Properties

GDP: $2.958 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 7th)
GDP at Parity: $3.424 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 9th)
Real GDP: $2.578 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 7th)
GDP per Capita: $43659/yr/person (2021 estimate, World Rank: 34th)
GDP Real Growth: 6.817%/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 61st)
Gini Index: 0.324 (2018 estimate, World Rank: 40th)
Consumer Price Inflation: 1.64%/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 153rd)

Employment

Unemployment Rate: 8.06% (2021 estimate, World Rank: 80th highest)
Long-term Unemployment Rate: 4.36% (2014 estimate, World Rank: 37th highest)
Labor Force: 31.13 million people (44.93% of population, 2021 estimate, World Rank: 20th)

Business Information

Total Business Tax Rate: 60.7% of profit (2019 estimate, World Rank: 18th)
New Businesses Registered: 218054/yr (10.85% of total businesses, 2020 estimate, World Rank: 7th)

Media and Telecommunications

Internet Usage: 58.33 million people (86.1% of population, 2021 estimate, World Rank: 17th)
Mobile Cellular Subscriptions: 72.75 million (2020 estimate, World Rank: 24th)

Transportation

Vehicles in Use: 39.1 million vehicles (709.5 vehicles per thousand people)
Total Road Length: 591230 miles (2006 estimate)

Education

Public Education Spending: 5.452% of GDP (2017 estimate, World Rank: 62nd)
Students: 12.32 million people (18.85% of population, 2011 estimate, World Rank: 21st)
Teachers: 704853 people (2019 estimate, World Rank: 18th)

Health Care

Health Spending: $3744.00 USD/person/yr (2007 estimate)
Physicians per Capita: 6.534/1000 people (2018 estimate)
Hospital Beds: 7.3/1000 people (2005 estimate)

UN Human Development Index

Health: 0.959 (World Rank: 10th)
Education: 0.839 (World Rank: 24th)
Living Standards: 0.898 (World Rank: 24th)
Total: 0.897 (World Rank: 21st, 2015 estimate)
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