Geographic Properties

Total Area: 6.602 million mi² (World Rank: 1st)
Land Area: 6.323 million mi² (World Rank: 1st)
Continent: Asia
Bordering Countries/Regions: Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, North Korea, Norway, Poland, Ukraine


Population: 144 million people (2023 estimate, World Rank: 9th)
Population Density: 22.9 people/mi² (2021 estimate, World Rank: 225th)
Population Growth: -0.51 %/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 219th)
Life Expectancy: 72.7 years (2020 estimate, World Rank: 148th)
Median Age: 38.8 years (2021 estimate, World Rank: 61st)

Cultural Properties

Languages: Russian (83%), Tatar (3%), Chechen (0.94%), Bashkir (0.8%), Ukrainian (0.79%)
Ethnic Mix: Russian (79.8%), other (12.1%), Tatar (3.8%), Ukrainian (2%), Bashkir (1.2%), Chuvash (1.1%)
Religions: Christianity (60%), Islam (7.6%), ethnic religions (0.77%), Hinduism (0.53%), Buddhism (0.4%), Judaism (0.17%)
Literacy Rate: 99.7% (2020 estimate)

Capital and Major Cities

Capital City: Moscow
Largest Cities:
- Moscow: 13.01 million people
- Saint Petersburg: 4.88 million people
- Novosibirsk: 1.603 million people
- Yekaterinburg: 1.344 million people
- Nizhny Novgorod: 1.267 million people

Economic Properties

GDP: $1.779 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 11th)
GDP at Parity: $4.793 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 6th)
Real GDP: $1.49 trillion/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 13th)
GDP per Capita: $12195/yr/person (2021 estimate, World Rank: 91st)
GDP Real Growth: 4.75%/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 94th)
Gini Index: 0.36 (2020 estimate, World Rank: 73rd)
Consumer Price Inflation: 6.69%/yr (2021 estimate, World Rank: 43rd)


Unemployment Rate: 5.01% (2021 estimate, World Rank: 140th highest)
Long-term Unemployment Rate: 1.45% (2014 estimate, World Rank: 73rd highest)
Labor Force: 72.44 million people (2021 estimate, World Rank: 7th)

Business Information

Total Business Tax Rate: 46.2% of profit (2019 estimate, World Rank: 53rd)
New Businesses Registered: 214895/yr (2020 estimate, World Rank: 8th)

Media and Telecommunications

Internet Usage: 126.5 million people (2021 estimate, World Rank: 6th)
Mobile Cellular Subscriptions: 246.6 million (2021 estimate, World Rank: 5th)


Vehicles in Use: 32.5 million vehicles
Total Road Length: 579740 miles (2006 estimate)


Public Education Spending: 3.73% of GDP (2020 estimate, World Rank: 130th)
Students: 23.96 million people (2009 estimate, World Rank: 10th)
Teachers: 1.139 million people (2020 estimate, World Rank: 9th)

Health Care

Physicians per Capita: 4.44/1000 people (2018 estimate)
Hospital Beds: 9.7/1000 people (2006 estimate)

UN Human Development Index

Health: 0.773 (World Rank: 114th)
Education: 0.816 (World Rank: 34th)
Living Standards: 0.823 (World Rank: 49th)
Total: 0.804 (World Rank: 49th, 2015 estimate)
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