Africa: Total Population, by year
YearNumber of people,
in millions
  • Region: Africa
  • Time period: 2000 to 2030
  • Published: Sep 2023

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Mar 27, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Population Growth Trend

Africa's population has been on a consistent upward trend, increasing from 818.95 million in 2000 to 1710.67 million projected for 2030, which reflects more than doubling over three decades.

Average Decadal Growth

The average decadal growth rate shows significant increases, with the population growing by approximately 263.28 million people from 2000 to 2010 and by an estimated 347.44 million people from 2020 to 2030, indicating an acceleration in population growth.

Yearly Increase Rate

Annual population growth has been increasing steadily, with a notable jump from an increase of 27.27 million people between 2009 and 2010 to 37.82 million people expected between 2029 and 2030, highlighting an escalating growth rate.

Acceleration in Population Growth

The growth rate of Africa's population has accelerated in recent years, with the yearly increase growing larger over time. For instance, the difference between the 2020 and 2021 population is 33.00 million, which climbs to a projected difference of 36.82 million between 2029 and 2030.

Decade-specific Growth Analysis

Between 2010 and 2020, the continent saw an increase of approximately 305.45 million people. In contrast, from 2020 to 2030, the projected growth is approximately 350.00 million people, indicating a marked increase in the growth rate per decade.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much has Africa's population grown from 2000 to the projected number for 2030?

Africa's population has grown from 818.95 million in 2000 to a projected 1710.67 million by 2030.

What are the numbers for the average decadal growth rate of Africa's population?

The population grew by around 263.28 million people from 2000 to 2010 and is estimated to grow by 347.44 million people from 2020 to 2030.

Has there been an acceleration in the yearly increase rate of Africa's population?

Yes, there has been a significant jump from an increase of 27.27 million people between 2009 and 2010 to an expected increase of 37.82 million people between 2029 and 2030.

Terms and Definitions

Population refers to the total number of inhabitants in a specific geographical region such as a city, country, continent, etc. It consists of all individuals, irrespective of their age, sex, and ethnicity.

Population density is a demographic measure showing the number of people that live per unit of area, such as square kilometer or mile. High population density often indicates crowded areas or urban centers, while low density usually suggests more rural or sparsely populated regions.

Population growth is a change in the population over a given period of time. It can be either positive, indicating an increase in population, or negative, showing a decrease in population. It's influenced by factors like birth and death rates, migration, and aging.

Demographics denote statistical data relating to the population and the groups within it. Such metrics usually include age, gender, income, race, and ethnicity. Demographics help to understand population trends and predict future changes.

Birth rate is the number of live births per 1,000 people per year. It's an important factor in population growth in combination with mortality and migration rates.

The mortality rate is the number of deaths that occurs in a specific population during a specific period. It is typically noted per 1,000 or 100,000 persons, and helps to determine the trend of a population's general health.

Migration rate is a measure of the movement of individuals into (immigration) and out of (emigration) a specific territory. If the rate of immigration exceeds emigration, the population increases; and when emigration is greater than immigration, the population decreases.

Age structure refers to the distribution of a population's age groups. It often breaks down the population into three main categories: pre-reproductive (below working age), reproductive (working age), and post-reproductive (retired). This has significant implications for a region's overall socio-economic dynamics and growth prospects.

Fertility rate is the average number of children born to a woman over her lifetime. It's an important factor influencing population growth or decline, with a fertility rate below 2.1 indicating a population reduction over time in the absence of immigration.
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