India: Age Groups Distribution, by year
Year0-14 years,
in %
15-64 years,
in %
65 years +,
in %
  • Region: India
  • Time period: 2012 to 2022
  • Published: December 2023

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Mar 27, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Decline in Youth Population Percentage

Between 2012 and 2022, the percentage of India's population aged 0-14 years steadily decreased from 30.08% to 25.31%.

Increase in Working-Age Population Share

The share of the population aged 15-64 years in India rose from 64.70% in 2012 to 67.80% in 2022, indicating an expanding workforce.

Growth in Senior Population Percentage

India's population aged 65 years and older saw a growth in its share from 5.22% in 2012 to 6.90% in 2022.

Continuous Decline in Young Population Over a Decade

The percentage of the population under 14 years has consistently declined each year, dropping by a total of 4.77 percentage points over the last decade.

Steady Increase in Working-Age and Senior Population

The working-age population (15-64 years) and senior population (65 years and older) in India have both experienced a steady percentage increase every year from 2012 to 2022.

Narrowing Youth Dependency Ratio

The decreasing percentage of the young population alongside an increasing working-age share suggests a narrowing youth dependency ratio, potentially impacting economic dependency dynamics.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the significant change occurred in the Indian population aged 65 years and older from 2012 to 2022?

From 2012 to 2022, the percentage of the Indian population aged 65 years and older increased from 5.22% to 6.90%.

How has the proportion of population aged 0-14 years changed in India from 2012 to 2022?

The proportion of the Indian population aged 0-14 years declined from 30.08% in 2012 to 25.31% in 2022.

What changes were seen in the Indian working-age population from 2012 to 2022?

The share of the Indian population in the 15-64 years age group increased from 64.70% in 2012 to 67.80% in 2022.

Terms and Definitions

Age Distribution refers to the proportion of individuals of different ages within a given population. This study is often displayed on a population pyramid, which provides a clear visual representation of the age-sex structure of a population.

Demography is a social science that deals with the study of human populations, including their size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics (such as births, deaths, marriages, and migrations).

A Population Pyramid is a graphical representation that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population, which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population is growing.

A Census is an official procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a direct enumeration and provides a snapshot of a population at a specific time.

Dependency Ratio is a measure in demography showing the ratio of the dependent population (aged 0-14 and 65+) to the working age population (15-64 years old). Higher dependency ratios put a more significant burden on the working population to provide social services for the dependent group.

The Median Age is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population.

An Ageing Population refers to a phenomenon where the median age of a country or region increases due to rising life expectancy and/or declining fertility rates. It reflects a change in the age composition of a population towards older ages.

Fertility Rate is the average number of children a woman would give birth to during her lifetime, assuming that age-specific birth rates remain constant throughout her childbearing years.

Mortality Rate refers to the number of deaths occurring in a given population per year.

Life Expectancy is the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if current mortality rates continue to apply.
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