Pakistan: Infant Mortality Rate, by year
YearDeaths per 1000 live births
202152.8
202054.4
201955.9
201857.4
201759.0
201660.6
201562.2
201463.9
201365.5
201267.1
201168.7
  • Region: Pakistan
  • Time period: 2011 to 2021
  • Published: Feb 2024

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Apr 13, 2024 | Published by: Statistico | About Us / Data / Analysis

Decline in Infant Mortality Rate from 2011 to 2021

Over the decade from 2011 to 2021, Pakistan experienced a significant decrease in its infant mortality rate, with the rate dropping from 68.7 deaths per 1000 live births in 2011 to 52.8 deaths per 1000 live births in 2021. This reduction of nearly 15.9 deaths per 1000 live births highlights a positive trend in the country's healthcare outcomes for infants.

Yearly Consistent Decrease in Mortality Rate

The data reveals a consistent yearly decrease in the infant mortality rate, with the rate gradually declining each year from 67.1 deaths per 1000 live births in 2012 to 52.8 deaths per 1000 live births in 2021. No year in the recorded period saw an increase, indicating steady improvements in factors affecting infant mortality.

Comparison of Recent Years' Reductions

Between 2020 and 2021, the infant mortality rate fell from 54.4 to 52.8 deaths per 1000 live births, a reduction of 1.6 deaths. This rate of decrease is slightly slower than the reduction from 2019 to 2020, which was 1.5 deaths per 1000 live births, showcasing a relatively consistent pace of improvement in recent years.

Largest Annual Decrease in the Early Years

The largest annual decrease occurred between 2011 and 2012, with a reduction of 1.6 deaths per 1000 live births, from 68.7 to 67.1 deaths per 1000 live births. This significant early reduction indicates substantial initial improvements in healthcare or social conditions impacting infant survival.

Rate of Decrease Over the Last Five Years

Analyzing the most recent five-year period, from 2017 to 2021, the infant mortality rate decreased by 6.2 deaths per 1000 live births, from 59.0 to 52.8 deaths per 1000 live births. This demonstrates a continued commitment to improving infant health care and conditions, even as the rate of decrease becomes more challenging to sustain.

Decadal Overview of Infant Mortality Reduction

The data encapsulates a decadal journey of improvement in Pakistan's healthcare system, particularly in infant care, with a total reduction in infant mortality rate of 15.9 deaths per 1000 live births from 2011 to 2021. This persistent decline underscores the effectiveness of interventions and policies aimed at reducing infant mortality in the country.

Frequently Asked Questions

What has been the trend in infant mortality rate in Pakistan in last decade?

From 2011 to 2021, Pakistan saw a significant decrease in infant mortality rate, dropping from 68.7 deaths per 1000 live births in 2011 to 52.8 deaths per 1000 live births in 2021, a reduction of 15.9 deaths per 1000 live births.

Which year saw the largest annual decrease in infant mortality rate?

The largest annual decrease in infant mortality rate occurred between 2011 and 2012, with a reduction of 1.6 deaths per 1000 live births, from 68.7 to 67.1 deaths per 1000 live births.

Terms and Definitions

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is a statistical measure which denotes the number of deaths of infants under one year of age per 1,000 live births in a given year. It is commonly used as an indicator of the overall health and well-being of a population.

The Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) is the number of deaths of infants less than 28 days old per 1,000 live births in a given year.

The Postneonatal Mortality Rate refers to the number of deaths of infants aged between 28 days and less than one year old, per 1,000 live births in a given year.

The under-five mortality rate is a measure of the number of deaths of children less than five years old per 1,000 live births in a given year.

The Perinatal Mortality Rate is the number of stillbirths and deaths in the first week of life (perinatal period) per 1,000 live births in a given year.

The Maternal Mortality Ratio is the number of maternal deaths during pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, per 100,000 live births in a given year.

Child Health refers to the state of physical, mental, intellectual, social and emotional well-being of a child from birth to adolescence. It involves a range of factors from proper nutrition and hygiene, to access to quality medical care.

Public Health is the science of safeguarding and improving the health of people and their communities. This is achieved by promoting healthy lifestyles, conducting research into disease and injury prevention, and detecting, preventing and managing infectious diseases. It involves the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities, and individuals.
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