India: Total Population, by year
YearInhabitants in, millions
  • Region: India
  • Time period: 2018 to 2028
  • Published: Oct 2023

Data Analysis and Insights

Updated: Mar 27, 2024 | Published by: Statistico

Annual Population Growth Rate Decreases

India's annual population growth rate shows a decreasing trend from 1.2% growth between 2018 and 2019 to 0.82% growth projected between 2027 and 2028. The gradual decrease indicates a slowing population growth momentum.

Highest Single-Year Population Increase

The highest single-year increase in population occurred between 2020 and 2021, with a rise of 11.17 million inhabitants. This period marks the most significant growth spurt within the data range.

Population Growth Over a Decade

From 2018 to 2028, India's population is projected to grow by 122.67 million inhabitants, showcasing substantial demographic expansion over a decade.

Stabilization in Population Growth Rate

The population growth rate is stabilizing, with the annual increase becoming more consistent. Between 2023 and 2028, the yearly growth rate fluctuates narrowly between 0.82% and 0.88%, suggesting a move towards demographic stability.

Comparison of Early and Recent Growth Rates

Comparing the initial and latter parts of the decade, the growth rate from 2018 to 2019 (1.03%) is significantly higher than the growth rate from 2027 to 2028 (0.82%), indicating a clear trend of deceleration in population growth over time.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the trend in India's annual population growth rate?

India's annual population growth rate is showing a decreasing trend, falling from 1.2% in 2018-2019 to a projected 0.82% in 2027-2028.

When was the highest single-year increase in India's population?

The highest single-year increase in India's population was between 2020 and 2021, with a rise of 11.17 million people.

What is the total population growth in India expected to be from 2018 to 2028?

India's population is projected to grow by 122.67 million inhabitants from 2018 to 2028.

Terms and Definitions

Population refers to the total number of individuals occupying an area at a particular time. It can refer to the total number of people in a country, a city, or any geographical region.

Demographics is the statistical study of populations, especially human beings. It takes into account aspects like age, race, sex, economic status, level of education, employment, and other statistics that shape population groups.

This refers to the percentage change in the number of individuals in a population over a certain period. A positive growth rate indicates an increase in population, while a negative growth rate shows that the population is decreasing.

A census is an official survey conducted periodically that records various details about individuals in a population. This often includes information about individuals' age, sex, occupation, and other demographic details. Countries conduct a census to understand the population composition and inform policy-making.

Urbanization refers to the increasing portion of a population that lives in urban areas or cities, driven by factors such as job opportunities, access to services, and lifestyle changes. Over time, this process can change a country's social and economic structures.

Population density is a measurement of the number of individuals per unit area, often per square kilometer or mile. It provides an average figure that shows how crowded a particular region may be.

The age structure of a population refers to the distribution of people of various ages within a population. It is often represented as a population pyramid and is a crucial demographic variable that affects the rate of population growth.

Life expectancy is the average period that a person is expected to live. It is often calculated from birth and can vary greatly based on country, sex, and other demographic factors.

The fertility rate is the average number of children born to a woman over her lifetime. Factors including healthcare, education, economic status, and cultural practices can influence this rate. A high fertility rate often leads to rapid population growth.
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